14MHKK11 - Non destructive elemental analysis of samples

Course specification
Course titleNon destructive elemental analysis of samples
Study programmeChemical engineering
Lecturer (for classes)
Lecturer/Associate (for practice)
    Lecturer/Associate (for OTC)
      Condition/Облик условљености
      The goalKnowledge related to the application of an analytical method for elemental analysis of raw materials, semoproducts, final products. Knowledge related to non-destructive quntitative and qualitative simultaneous analysis of elements and their oxides in different matrix (1): solid, liquid and powder; (2) different origins: industrial (raw materials, semoproducts, final products), metallurgical, geological, archaeological, anthropological, environmental (sediment, soil, water, heavy metals from gases collected on filters) biological, as well as in food, ranging from F-fluorine (atomic number 9) to the U-uranium (atomic number 90).
      The outcomeStudents of the master study should know to use and work on a new non-destructive measurement technique, ED-XRF, which is widely used in research, manufacturing, testing and control of samples with different backgrounds. The instrument calibration with standards, reading measured spectra and data analysis. ; ;
      Contents of lecturesSECTION I: Basic in X-Ray Fluorescence, Physics of X-Rays, Properties of X-Rays, The Origin of X-Rays, Bohr’s Atomic Model, X-Ray Emission and Characteristic Emission. X-Ray Production Sources:X-Ray Tubes. Detectors. Interactions of X-Ray with matter. Spectrum evaluation. Influence on Detection Limits. SECTION II: General sample preparation: solids, powders, thin films, liquids. SECTION III: Quantitative Analysis-Detection limits, Matrix effects, Particle-size effects, Mineralogical effects, Surface effects.
      Contents of exercisesCalibration and data processing in relation to the standard of a different kind of pattern: solid, liquid, powdery, thin film. Sampling, different sample preparation:environmental-soil, sediment, industrial, geological, archaeological and processing. ED-XRF analysis: finding the most suitable measurement conditions, depending on the concentration of oxide and individual elements in stadard and in the sample, depending on the type of sample and the expected concentrations of the studied elements and their oxides. Reading charts, and analysis of results. Checking the accuracy of the measurement.
      1. M.S. Shackley (ed.), X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (XRF) in Geoarchaeology, ; DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-6886-9_2, Springer, LLC 2011. ;
      2. С. Billets XRF Technologies for Measuring Trace Elements in Soil and Sediment, USA, EPA, Washington, DC, 2006.
      3. Hans A. van Sprang, FUNDAMENTAL PARAMETER METHODS IN XRF SPECTROSCOPY, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 2000.
      4. Sampling, storage and sample preparation procedures for X ray fluorescence analysis ; of environmental materials, IAEA-TECDOC-9SO, 1997 ;
      Number of hours per week during the semester/trimester/year
      LecturesExercisesOTCStudy and ResearchOther classes
      Methods of teachingLectures (the classic way, PPT presentation), colloquium (one), homework (one). Experimental exercises: 10 LAB.
      Knowledge score (maximum points 100)
      Pre obligationsPointsFinal examPoints
      Activites during lectures5Test paper60
      Practical lessons10Oral examination