14IZS219 - Environmental protection from radiation and noise

Course specification
Course titleEnvironmental protection from radiation and noise
Study programmeEnvironmental Engineering
Lecturer (for classes)
Lecturer/Associate (for practice)
    Lecturer/Associate (for OTC)
      ConditionОблик условљености
      The goalThe course is organized to enable students to understand the basic principles of radiation protection that are illustrated by theoretical aspects and practical examples. Students are introduced to the physical and biological principles of radiation protection, basic concepts of dosimetry and instrumentation, the concept of risk and basic standards in radiation protection. Also, students are introduced to the basics of protection against noise and vibration as an engineering activity in the field of ecology.
      The outcomeThe student is acquainted with various aspects of the application of radiation sources and basic principles of radiation protection. At the end of the course, the student is qualified to apply all elements of the radiation protection program as a radiation source user or as a person responsible for radiation protection in laboratory, medical and industrial application, as well as in the field of environmental protection. Students are trained to know the criteria of noise risk assessment, the noise state diagnostics method and the usual methods of noise protection.
      Contents of lecturesPhysical principles of radiation protection. Concept of radiation. Types and sources of ionizing radiation. Natural and manmade radioactivity. Radioactive series. Interaction of radiation with matter. Detection of ionizing radiation. Mechanisms of interaction of radiation with matter. Principles of detection. Dosimetric quantities and units. Instrumentation: gas, scintillation and semiconductor detectors, personal dosimetry. Biological effects of ionizing radiation. Stochastic and deterministic effects. Concept of risk. Exposure limits. Radiation protection standards. Basic principles of radiation protection. Types of exposures and protective measures. Protection from internal and external exposure. International organizations, recommendations and legislation. Application of ionizing radiation. Application of ionizing radiation in industry. Medical application of ionizing radiation. Migration of radionuclides in environment. Contamination of the environment. Radon. Management of radioactive waste. Sources of contamination, decontamination. Nonionizing radiation protection. Historical review of accidents involving ionizing radiation. Introduction to the protection from noise and vibrations: noise as ecological factor, noise disturbance, psychological and physiological effects of noise. Hearing impairment. Noise effects on speech. Protection criteria, acoustic dilemma. Legislation and criteria for noise and vibration protection. Basic principles of sound level measurements.
      Contents of exercisesPractical and demonstrational exercises at the Institute of Nuclear Sciences Vinca.
      1. G. F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurement, third edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999. (Original title)
      2. J. Shapiro, Radiation Protection, fourth edition, Harvard University Press, USA, 2002. (Original title)
      Number of hours per week during the semester/trimester/year
      LecturesExercisesOTCStudy and ResearchOther classes
      Methods of teachingTheoretical lectures, practical lectures, laboratory practical, seminars
      Knowledge score (maximum points 100)
      Pre obligationsPointsFinal examPoints
      Activites during lecturesTest paper30
      Practical lessonsOral examination